This map shows how Beijing was divided following the reparations demanded from the Boxer Rebellion. Click on the map to view a larger resolution.
Image in Public Domain. (Source: Wikimedia Commons and the Library of Congress)
Stephen Platt on the Taiping Rebellion
Stephen Platt speaks about his book "Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom" and the circumstances surrounding the time period during which it is set.
Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864). Hong Xiuquan, a member of the scholar gentry class, provoked this rebellion against the ruling Manchu after seeing visions of what he believed to be God and Jesus commanding him to "annihiliate devils". Hong then started a Christian cult, eventually declaring himself king of The Kingdom of Heavenly Peace, in Taiping (1850). He believed (from being told in the visions) he was Jesus' younger brother and wished to replace traditional Chinese religion with his sect of Christianity. Over 120,000 troops were required to staunch the rebellion, during which time more than 20 million people died. For a thorough investigation into this event, visit this page from Ole Miss.
Boxer Rebellion (1898-1900). By this time, anti-foreign sentiment was high. The Society of the Righteous and Harmoneous Fist (commonly known as the Boxers) sought to eliminate Western imperialism in China. They were also anti-Christian, with many Chinese Christians and missionaries were massacred during this conflict. Eventually, the Qing rulers appealed to Western countries to intervene in the rebellion, for which China was required to pay the current equivalent of $333 million dollars. A discussion of the rebellion and its effects is at this BBC Radio webpage.
Rebellions and Revolutions
by Jack Gray
Call Number: DS755 .G72 2002
Publication Date: 2003-05-15
Published by Oxford University Press, "Rebellions and Revolutions: China from the 1800s to 2000" presents a chronological account of uprisings in China.
Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom
by Stephen R. Platt
Call Number: DS759 .P57 2012
Publication Date: 2012-12-11
Stephen Platt tells the convoluted story of the fifteen-year period during which The Kingdom of Heavenly Peace waged war on the Manchu government in order to create a more peaceful world.