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GHS 208 (Keating) - Summer: Rebellions

Beijing, 1900

Beijing, 1900

This map shows how Beijing was divided following the reparations demanded from the Boxer Rebellion.  Click on the map to view a larger resolution.

Image in Public Domain. (Source: Wikimedia Commons and the Library of Congress)

Stephen Platt on the Taiping Rebellion

Stephen Platt speaks about his book "Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom" and the circumstances surrounding the time period during which it is set.

Web Resources

  • Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864).  Hong Xiuquan, a member of the scholar gentry class, provoked this rebellion against the ruling Manchu after seeing visions of what he believed to be God and Jesus commanding him to "annihiliate devils".  Hong then started a Christian cult, eventually declaring himself king of The Kingdom of Heavenly Peace, in Taiping (1850).  He believed (from being told in the visions) he was Jesus' younger brother and wished to replace traditional Chinese religion with his sect of Christianity.  Over 120,000 troops were required to staunch the rebellion, during which time more than 20 million people died.  For a thorough investigation into this event, visit this page from Ole Miss.
  • Boxer Rebellion (1898-1900).  By this time, anti-foreign sentiment was high.  The Society of the Righteous and Harmoneous Fist (commonly known as the Boxers) sought to eliminate Western imperialism in China.  They were also anti-Christian, with many Chinese Christians and missionaries were massacred during this conflict.  Eventually, the Qing rulers appealed to Western countries to intervene in the rebellion, for which China was required to pay the current equivalent of $333 million dollars.  A discussion of the rebellion and its effects is at this BBC Radio webpage.



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