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GHS210: Digital Media Project: Citing Images/Media

Citing Images

Whenever possible, you should be using images that have Creative Commons licenses or are within the Public Domain.

You need to give attribution for these images when you use them.

If possible, place the citation right underneath the image. If that's not possible or not aesthetically pleasing, you can create another box nearby that clearly identifies the image and provides the attribution (for example, a box at the bottom that says "header image" with the citation).

Your attribution should include:

  1. The name of the image
  2. The name of the author/creator
  3. The license

Best practice asks you to link the name of the image back to the image url, and the license to the license page on the Creative Commons website. Examples are provided on this page.

If you embed content (such as a YouTube video or Google Map) that links back to its original source automatically, you do not need to cite it within the text.

Restricted Licenses (Cannot edit image)

To use a CC BY-ND work, you must:

  • Attribute the author/creator of the work
  • Keep the work in its entire original state - no derivatives, changes, edits, cuts, etc

You must provide attribution to the author of a work with a CC BY-ND Creative Commons license. You are not able to make changes or use the work as you want. You can use the image commercially or to make a profit, but you must give credit to the original creator and it must remain in its original form.

Link to CC BY-ND License : https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/


To give proper attribution for a CC BY-ND work, use this format:

Name/Description of the Photograph by Photographer Name used under CC BY-ND

Example:

Mosque

Blue Sky, Blue Mosque by Crazy Diamond used under CC BY-ND

To use a CC BY-NC-ND work, you must:

  • Attribute the author/creator of the work
  • Not use the work commercially
  • Keep the work in its entire original state - no derivatives, changes, edits, cuts, etc

This is the most restrictive Creative Commons license. You must provide attribution to the author of a work  You are not able to make changes or use the work as you want. You cannot use the image commercially or to make a profit.

Link to CC BY-NC-ND License : https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


To give proper attribution for a CC BY-NC-ND work, use this format:

Name/Description of the Photograph by Photographer Name used under CC BY-NC-ND

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Open Licenses (Allow for editing)

To use a CC BY work, you must:

  • Attribute the author/creator of the work

You must provide attribution to the author of a work with a CC BY Creative Commons license. You are free to make changes and use the work as you want. You can use the image commercially or to make a profit, but you must give credit to the original creator.

Link to CC BY License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/


To give proper attribution for a CC BY work, use this format:

Name/Description of the Photograph by Photographer Name used under CC BY

Example:

Mosque

Mosque at Ghadames by David Stanley used under CC BY

To use a CC BY-SA work, you must:

  • Attribute the author/creator of the work
  • Carry on the sharealike license and allow others to continue to share and make changes to your work in the future

You must provide attribution to the author of a work with a CC BY-SA Creative Commons license. You are free to make changes and use the work as you want. You can use the image commercially or to make a profit, but you must give credit to the original creator. You also must include the sharealike license that gives others permission to build upon your work.

Link to CC BY-SA License : https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/


To give proper attribution for a CC BY-SA work, use this format:

Name/Description of the Photograph by Photographer Name used under CC BY-SA

 

To use a CC BY-NC-SA work, you must:

  • Attribute the author/creator of the work
  • Not use the work commercially
  • Carry on the sharealike license and allow others to continue to share and make changes to your work in the future

This is the most restrictive Creative Commons license. You must provide attribution to the author of a work  You are not able to make changes or use the work as you want. You cannot use the image commercially or to make a profit.

Link to CC BY-NC-SA License : https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/


To give proper attribution for a CC BY-NC-SA work, use this format:

Name/Description of the Photograph by Photographer Name used under CC BY-NC-SA

 

To use a CC BY-NC work, you must:

  • Attribute the author/creator of the work
  • Not use the work commercially

You must provide attribution to the author of a work  You are able to make changes or use the work as you want; however, you cannot use the image commercially or to make a profit.

Link to CC BY-NC License : https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/


To give proper attribution for a CC BY-NC work, use this format:

Name/Description of the Photograph by Photographer Name used under CC BY-NC

 

The Public Domain Mark is used to label a work that is already free of known copyright restrictions around the world, typically very old works.

Link to Public Domain Mark : http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/


To give proper attribution for a public domain work, use this format:

Name/Description of the Photograph by Photographer Name is in the public domain


You may see this other version of Public Domain (CC0) as well.

This is also a "no rights reserved" license, used by content creators to release their work into the public domain. 

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