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Introduction to Visual Art (PCA 200-Art 01): Evaluating Sources

This Guide is designed to assist students with their research for PCA200-Art 01: Introduction to Visual Art

Some Things to Consider When Evaluating Information Sources:

The CRAAP Test

Evaluate Sources Based on the Following Criteria:
Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose/Point of View

  • Currency
    • How recent is the information?
    • How recently has the website been updated?
    • Is it current enough for your topic?
  • Relevance
    • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
    • Who is the intended audience?
    • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
    • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
    • Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?
    • Who is the creator or author?
    • What are the credentials of the author/creator?
    • Who is the publisher or sponsor?
    • Are they reputable?
    • What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?
    • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?


    • Is the information reliable?
    • Is there supporting evidence for the information?
    • Does the information presented include a bibiliography?
    • Is the information peer-reviewed?
    • Can you find other sources to validate the information?
    • Is the information presented free from spelling, grammatical, and punctuation errors?
  •  Purpose/Point of View
    • Is this fact or opinion?
    • Is it biased?
    • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something? Are there advertisements on the website?
    • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?

                examples: .com (commercial), .edu (educational), .gov (U.S. government),
                   .org (nonprofit organization), or .net (network)

(adapted from LOEX 2008 wiki)

Performing and Fine Arts Librarian

Sheri Stormes's picture
Sheri Stormes
Irwin Library, Room 130

Phone: 317 940-9218

Fax: 317 940-9711

Stormes Evaluation

For more information:


Email Butler University Libraries
Irwin Library: 317-940-9227
Science Library: 317-940-9937
CAT: 317-940-8575

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