Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

SW266-COM Media Literacy - Fake News: Home

Why Should You Care About Fake News?

Fake news became a hot topic during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, when it was reported that a group of enterprising Macedonian teenagers had created over 100 websites containing false information about American politics. This information was shared hundreds of thousands of times by Facebook users who believed it to be true. Did all this fake news influence voters enough to affect the election results? The experts have differing opinions on that, but one thing's for sure:

When you have to make an important decision, you do not want that decision to be based on fake news.

Plus, sharing fake news can damage your credibility. Even the smartest people get fooled sometimes, but the more often you share information that turns out to be false, the harder it will be for your friends and followers (not to mention your teachers and employers) to take you seriously.

The Macedonian teenagers are not, of course, the first people ever to spread fake news, and they won't be the last. Fake news isn't going away any time soon, and it isn't the only problem. Information that isn't fake can still be misleading or misinterpreted.

Think you know how to tell if something's fake?

You might want to think again. In 2016, researchers at Stanford University found that when it comes to judging the credibility of online information, "otherwise digital-savvy students can be easily duped."

So what can we do?

Since the election, companies like Google and Facebook have taken steps toward reducing the amount of fake news on their sites. It's a start, but if you really want to avoid fake news and misleading information, you have to take some of the responsibility yourself. How? By learning to think critically about the information you encounter, and by taking the time to verify information before using or sharing it. The links on this page can help.

Pop Your Filter Bubble

What's a filter bubble?

Online services like Google and Facebook use computer programming algorithms to determine what information to deliver to you. Your “filter bubble” (a term coined by Eli Pariser) refers to the idea that this automated personalization, though helpful in some ways, can isolate you from other information. Sometimes referred to as an "echo chamber," the filter bubble created by your online activity can limit your exposure to different points of view, and weaken your ability to avoid fake news and bias.

You can't get rid of your filter bubble entirely, but you can take steps to shrink it. Here are some suggestions:

  • How To Burst Your Filter Bubble provides practical tips such as deleting your browsing history, adjusting your Facebook settings, and turning off targeted ads.
  • How To Pop Your Filter Bubble takes a more behavioral approach by encouraging you to "click outside your comfort zone," "follow someone unexpected," and actively seek out different perspectives.
  • When searching for news, try AllSides, a website that presents articles from the left, center, and right of each issue.
  • Read Across The Aisle is an app designed to help you make sure you're reading varied points of view.
  • EscapeYourBubble is a Chrome extension that sends curated articles from across the aisle to your email or Facebook feed.
  • The Wall Street Journal's Blue Feed, Red Feed presents side-by-side liberal and conservative Facebook posts on selected topics (but warns that the posts are not edited or verified).

Know It When You See It

Ready to learn how to spot fake news? Here are a few quick-start guides:

More Tips:

Web Resources

Need data? Be sure they come from reputable sources. Here are just a few:

BE ADVISED: The Chrome extensions listed below are designed to alert you when the information you're seeing online is from a fake or questionable source. These tools can be helpful, but they should not be considered substitutes for doing your own fact-checking and critical analysis. Use with discretion.

Library Resources

Librarians are available to assist you.
Contact your campus library Reference Desk.

Library: Because not everything on the internet is true.
Photo from: A Well-traveled Message

Butler students and employees have access to over 100 subscription-based library databases. The following databases are useful for finding articles on news and current issues.

Want to learn more about fighting fake news and finding reliable information? LIS 2004 (Strategies for Online Research) is a one-credit course designed to help you use the internet more effectively. Contact a librarian for more information.

    •   Maria Casado (305) 237-1775
  Erin Fennell (305) 237-8085
  Angel Hernandez (305) 237-8523
  Shamsha Karim  (305) 237-2295
  Michael Moore   (305) 237-2072
  Jenny Saxton (305) 237-2075
  Dwain Teague (305) 237-2073
  Marta Frydman (305) 237-3446
  Adria Leal (305) 237-3449
Medical Center:
  Carla Clark (305) 237-4342
  Lizeth Garcia (305) 237-5021
  Beth Cloues (305) 237-6736
  Isabel Duque (305) 237-6088
  Dr. Valda Adeyiga (305) 237-8732
  Christina Dillon (305) 237-8655
  Steve Kronen (305) 237-8952

Assoc. Dean for Public Services, Butler Libraries

Profile Photo
Sally Neal
I am the liaison librarian for Strategic Communication; Journalism; Sports Media; and English and am temporarily providing support for Biology and Psychology.

109B Irwin Library

Neal Library Instruction Evaluation


This page was created and is maintained by
Jenny Saxton.  Permission was granted to copy this LibGuide and make modifications.

Jenny Saxton's avatar


Email Butler University Libraries
Irwin Library: 317-940-9227
Science Library: 317-940-9937
CAT: 317-940-8575

Like us on FacebookInstagramFollow us on Twitter