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COPHS Plagiarism & Citation Guide: Journals & Magazines

For students in the PA, Pharmacy, or other health-sciences field, this guide is an introduction to COPHS standards and best practices.

General Rules

Rules for Journals & Magazines

  • Include all authors unless there are more than six. If 7 or more, list the first three, followed by the phrase “et al.” (Do not put the quotes.)
  • If the article is written by a specific organization or group, instead of individual authors, it is acceptable to list the group/organization in the author area. 
  • Abbreviate and italicize the names of journals. The official journal abbreviation is usually provided at the end of the abstract or at the bottom of the journal page. If it is not, journal abbreviations can be found through PubMed by following these steps:
    • Go to
    • In the search field type the full journal name
    • In the results, look at the line “NLM Title Abbreviation”
  • Only capitalize the first letter of the first word & any proper nouns of an article title. Do NOT capitalize the first letter of all words.
  • Do not place spaces between the year;volume(issue number):pages.


Online Journals

The basic format for reference to an article in an online journal is as follows:

  • Author Last Name First Initial Middle Initial. Title of article. Accepted abbreviation of Journal. Year; Volume(Issue No):Page numbers.
  • Sunyer X, Astrup A, Fujioka K, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of 3.0 mg of liraglutide in weight management. N Engl J Med. 2015;373(1):11-22. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1411892.

Print Journals

The basic format for reference to an article in a print journal is as follows:

  • Author(s). Title of article. Journal Name. Year; Volume(Issue No):Page numbers.
  • Women’s Health Initiative. Health outcomes after stopping conjugated equine estrogens among postmenopausal women with prior hysterectomy. JAMA. 2011;305(13):1305-1314.


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