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COPHS Citation Guide
Full COPHS Citation Guide
Butler University's official style guide for the College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. Many of the examples & explanations on this site come from the COPHS guide, so refer to this PDF for more information.
Useful Resources & Links
AMA MANUAL of STYLE, 11th EDITION by
Publication Date: 2020-03-02
The AMA Manual of Style is a must-have resource for anyone involved in medical, health, and scientific publishing.
References & General Rules:
- Each reference should be cited in consecutive numerical order by means of superscript Arabic numerals in the order that they are used in the text.
- Use caution when referencing the internet. Many web sites are not appropriate/credible sources. Use only the highest quality sites.
- When listing author names, use the author’s surname followed by initials, without periods.
- Be as specific as possible
- Do not give a generic reference to Pubmed, Iowa, EBSCO, Science Direct, etc. Always provide the citation for the specific journal article.
- When possible, reference a specific monograph within an on-line database (as opposed to the entire database), or a specific chapter within a book (as opposed to the entire book).
- In general, references should be listed as superscripts at the end of sentences or phrases.
- Citations should be placed outside periods or commas, but inside colons or semicolons.
- Do not place spaces between punctuation and citations or between the citations themselves.
- Journal articles, chapter titles in books, title of specific items in websites, video titles, etc.: Capitalize only the first letter of the first word in a title and subtitle. Exceptions: Proper nouns, abbreviations that are ordinarily capitalized (such as DNA), and (genus) names of organisms may also be capitalized in the title/subtitle.
- All the main words of a Journal Name or Book Title are capitalized and italicized