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Useful Resources & Links
AMA MANUAL of STYLE, 11th EDITION by
Publication Date: 2020-03-02
The AMA Manual of Style is a must-have resource for anyone involved in medical, health, and scientific publishing.
Full COPHS Citation Guide
Butler University's official style guide for the College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. Many of the examples & explanations on this site come from the COPHS guide, so refer to this PDF for more information.
References & General Rules:
- Each reference should be cited in consecutive numerical order by means of superscript Arabic numerals in the order that they are used in the text.
- Use caution when referencing the internet. Many web sites are not appropriate/credible sources. Use only the highest quality sites.
- When listing author names, use the author’s surname followed by initials, without periods.
- Be as specific as possible
- Do not give a generic reference to Pubmed, Iowa, EBSCO, Science Direct, etc. Always provide the citation for the specific journal article.
- When possible, reference a specific monograph within an on-line database (as opposed to the entire database), or a specific chapter within a book (as opposed to the entire book).
- In general, references should be listed as superscripts at the end of sentences or phrases.
- Citations should be placed outside periods or commas, but inside colons or semicolons.
- Do not place spaces between punctuation and citations or between the citations themselves.
- Journal articles, chapter titles in books, title of specific items in websites, video titles, etc.: Capitalize only the first letter of the first word in a title and subtitle. Exceptions: Proper nouns, abbreviations that are ordinarily capitalized (such as DNA), and (genus) names of organisms may also be capitalized in the title/subtitle.
- All the main words of a Journal Name or Book Title are capitalized and italicized