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COPHS Plagiarism & Citation Guide: Images & Multimedia

For students in the PA, Pharmacy, or other health-sciences field, this guide is an introduction to COPHS standards and best practices.


Images & Multimedia Rules

  • If the medium is given in the title of the work, it is not necessary to repeat after the title.
  • A multimedia component can be cited as a supplement to an article or as a stand-alone item with its own DOI  or URL.
  • Only put the author(s) information if you are certain that person created the video. Do not assume the person who uploads the video is the author.


Audio, Video, & DVD

  • Author Last Name First Initial Middle Initial. Title Form of media. Company; Year. URL
  • Johnston M. National Pharmacy Technician Association. Pharmacy Calculations Made Easy DVD. Multi Med Media; 2007.
  • Smith R. Evidence-Based Medicine: An Oral History. The JAMA Network and the BMJ. 2014. Accessed October 14, 2016. https://ebmjamanetwork-com/
  • Bernstein Fant B, Fant L. The American Sign Language Phrase Book With DVD. McGraw-Hill Education; 2011.

Online Video

  • Videos available on a website
    • Title. Published Month Day, Year. Accessed Month day, year. URL.
    • Middle ear aspiration. November 3, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2019.
  • Videos available in journal articles
    • Author Last Name First Initial Middle Initial. Title. Journal title abbreviation. Year;volume(issue):page numbers. DOI
    • Lee PY, Costumbrado J, Hsu CY, Kim YH. Agarose gel electrophoresis for the separation of DNA fragments. J Vis Exp. 2012;62:e3923. Accessed October 13, 2016. doi:10.3791/3923
  • YouTube videos
    • Title. YouTube. Published Month Day, year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL.
    • FDA changes Ebola drug status hold. YouTube. Published August 7, 2014. Accessed August 8, 2014.


  • Infographics
    • Author/Creator. Title. Journal title abbreviation. Year;volume(issue):page numbers. Accessed Month Day, Year. DOI
    • Kaiser Family Foundation. A snapshot of US global health funding. Visualizing Health Policy infographic. JAMA. 2014;311(16):1601. Accessed October 13, 2016. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.3890
  • Images
    • Author Last Name First Initial Middle Initial. Title. Name of Website. Published Month Day, Year. Updated date if applicable. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL.
    • Province of British Columbia. BC kicks off flu vaccine program. Flickr. Published October 17, 2011. Accessed November 24, 2020.

Medical-Related Sources with Public Domain and Copyrighted Images

Where can I find medical and health images?

These sites have a combination of public domain, Creative Commons licensed, or copyright protected images available. Check the terms and conditions for each image of any collection.

(Used with permission from H. Craven and R. Hinrichs at

Diverse and Inclusive Image Databases

Locating Public Domain Images

Where can I find other images that are licensed for fair use?

  • Creative Commons - This site allows the user to search images covered by creative commons licensing, as well as narrow by intended purpose.
  • Flickr - Users can search by liscense type and image keywords.
  • Unsplash - Over 2 million free high-resolution images brought to you by the world’s most generous community of photographers.
  • The Noun Project - Noun Project is building a global visual language that unites us — a language that allows quick and easy communication no matter who you are or where you are.
  • Wikimedia Commons - Browse images by topic, contribute your own images, and check out the handy reuse guide.
  • Google Images  - Enter your search first. On the results page, click on Tools > Usage Rights to filter the images to Creative Commons-licensed images. Select "labelled for reuse" or "labelled for noncommercial reuse." Check the usage restrictions for each image to make sure it's either public domain, CC-BY or CC-BY-NC to match your MedEdPortal submission license.



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