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COPHS Plagiarism & Citation Guide: Online Resources

For students in the PA, Pharmacy, or other health-sciences field, this guide is an introduction to COPHS standards and best practices.

General Rules

Rules for Citing Websites

  • Important Reminder: Use caution when referencing the internet. Many websites are not appropriate/credible sources. Use only the highest quality sites.
    • When in doubt, CRAAP test it! CRAAP stands for currency, relevance, accuracy, authority, and purpose. Use these metrics to determine whether or not a website is a good resource for you.
  • Authors don't have to be people. If you can't find an individual responsible for the content, look for an organization or corporate author.



  • Authors (if indicated). Title of specific item cited. Name of the website: URL. Published or Updated Date (if available). Accessed: Month day, year. 

Website with an organization as author

  • Drug Shortage Resource Center. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists website. Accessed:December 9, 2011. 

Website with an individual as author

  • Pho K. Why I’m not ready to prescribe mobile health apps. KevinMD: 4, 2014. Accessed: August 12, 2014.


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CAT: 317-940-8575

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